Facts and Guide
About Wooden Handicrafts

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Home » Production Process

Production Process

A lot of skill and hard work goes into every piece of Indian wooden handicraft. It mirrors Indian culture, and each handicraft is a masterpiece in its own right. Let's take a peek at the actual process which goes into creating a piece of wooden handicraft.

  • Raw wood available in the form of logs is cut into planks of desired thickness and length.
  • The piece of wood is then seasoned to obtain a texture which is favorable for carving.
  • Decorative patterns are first drawn on the wood with a pencil.
  • The design is then carved into the wood with a carving tool.
  • Craftsmen inlay the wooden handicraft with metal, bone, or wood which gives off a contrast effect, enhancing the intricacies of the carved design.
  • Different pieces of carved wood are joined together to make complete, functional objects.
  • A protective coating is applied with a suitable wood finish.
Production Time
Wood carving is a time consuming process. The time needed by Indian craftsmen to create carved wooden handicrafts may range anywhere from a week (for small items) to a few months (for large items which require elaborate carving techniques).

Production Tools
Indian craftsmen have a wide range of tools at their disposal, depending on the stage of production. Some of them are as follows :
  • Saws : Powered by an electric motor, Band saws are used to cut off scrap wood effortlessly. Chain saws are used to cut logs for large carvings.
  • Drills are primarily used to drill holes, and they are available with several attachments to perform sanding, sawing, mixing paint etc.
  • Lathes are used to turn wood. They are used to make spherical, cylindrical or round objects. They are handy while making vases, bowls, and plates.
  • Primarily used for whittling and chip carving, Carving knives are also used to make the surface of the wood smooth.
  • Wood-carving chisels have a sharp flat edge which is used to cut into the wood. They are available in bent, straight, and spoon shapes.
  • U-gouges have curved cutting edges which form a 'u' shape, hence the name. Craftsmen use them to remove large pieces of unwanted wood, to define large shapes, and to round out the edges.
  • Also known as parting tools, V-gouges are used to cut fine lines. They are used for outlining while carving intricate patterns.

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